An outstanding finding of my statistical analysis of biblical Hebrew is that numerical values of Hebrew names of planets linearly correlate with physical properties of the planets. A special issue that is often raised by curious viewers of Oren Evron’s movie is how have I determined names of individual planets. I explain this in detail in my book, and it is also addressed in the movie.
In this post, I wish to address in particular the name of Saturn, which had been assigned the biblical Hebrew Teman. Since the latter is referred to in the Hebrew Jewish Bible as either a southern land (for example, Zachariah 6:6), or simply as indicating “South” (for example, Deuteronomy 3:27), one may wonder how have I reached the conclusion that this word (Teman) probably denotes also a name of a specific planet (Saturn).
This conclusion had been reached similarly to how I have reached the conclusion that the Hebrew Shachar, “dawn” in modern Hebrew, is a name of a planet (conclusion compatible with traditional well known Jewish interpreters, like Metzudat-David and his son Metzudat Zion; relate to Section 8.3.5 in my book). In the case of Shachar, my conclusion had been reached based on a verse in Song of Songs: “Who is she that appears like Shachar, fair as the moon, bright as the sun, majestic as the stars in procession” (Song of Songs 6:10). One can hardly refrain from concluding that Shachar here implies also a celestial object, though which one remains to be specified.
By similar vein, let us read Job (9:9): “Who makes Ash, Ksil and Kimah and the chambers of Teman“. (all italicized words are biblical Hebrew). Rashi, a most revered Jewish interpreter, interprets Ksil and Kimah as known stars (“Mazalot”; planets, as known today, were unknown at Rashi’s time). Metzudat-David relates to all first three names as known stars. Let me emphasize: Not constellations of stars but individual stars.
Is there a good reason why Teman should not also denote a star name (a planet name, given today’s scientific knowledge)?
As it turns out, based on my quantitative analysis, the most probable candidate for Teman, as a name of a planet, is Saturn (find details in my book, Section 8.3.5). Therefore, this is the biblical Hebrew name I have assigned to Saturn.
Here comes the amazing surprise (coincidence):
Saturn is a southern planet (as seen from the northern hemisphere). It has an orbital period of 29.5 years (the time it takes to complete a revolution around the sun). If our conjecture is true and Saturn is indeed Teman, it is most extraordinary to find out that as Teman denotes in Hebrew both a southern planet and the concept of South, so the English Saturn and Southern are pronounced nearly identically (though written differently).
(This interesting coincidence about the similarity of “Saturn” and the English “South” was brought to my attention by the movie producer, Oren Evron; I thank him for this insight.)